A survey has been undertaken to look into the causes of tractor breakdowns on field operations and the main constraints associated with repair and maintenance, and to recommend a solution to the problems in Riau Province. The owners of sixty-two small tractors were interviewed, from three regencies chosen of the Province in 2003. As a result, the working capacity of the tractors was relatively high and the average annual use was relatively low compared to the national average. Most tractor operators did not have sufficient skill to operate tractors. The tractor breakdowns resulted from operators’ mistakes, fuel and oil defilement, rough field conditions, poor maintenance, intense use, and factory design. Inadequate repair shops, a lack of spare parts, and a shortage of mechanics in the local vicinity were the main factors curbing tractor repair. It was also found that inadequate finances led many farmers to ignore tractor maintenance. These suggest that tractor operators should be well trained and tractor-supporting facilities should be provided in rural areas. A mechanical extension officer and credit options should be made available for farmers.
Central Bureau of Statistics. (2003), Statistics of Indonesia
Statistical Office of Riau Province (1999), Statistics of Land and Agricultural Equipments Use, Pekanbaru.
Hunt, D. (1983), Farm power and machinery management. Eighth Addition, Ames, Iowa State University Press, pp. 66-69.
Chancellor, W.J. (1971), Mechanization of small farms in Thailand and Malaysia by tractor hire services, Transactions of the ASAE, 14(6), pp. 847-854, 859.
Kolawole, M.I. (1972), Economic aspects of tractor contracting operations in Western Nigeria. Journal Agricultural Engineering Research, 17, pp. 289-294.
Jacobs, C.O., Harrell, W.R., and Shinn, G.C. (1983), Agricultural power and machinery, McGraw-Hill, Inc. New York.
Hunt, D. (1971), Equipment reliability: Indiana and Illinois data. Transactions of the ASAE, 14(5), pp. 742-746.
Dodson, B. (1994), Determining the optimum schedule for preventive maintenance. Quality Engineering, 6(4), pp. 667-679.
Ward, S.M., McNulty, P.H., and Cunney, M.B. (1985), Repair costs of 2 and 4 WD tractors. Transactions of the ASAE, 28(4), pp. 1074-1076.
Inns, F.M. (1978), Operational aspect of tractor use in developing countries - A case for the small tractor, The Agriculture Engineer, Summer Issue: 52-54.
Adekoya, L.O., and Otono, P.A. (1990), Repair and maintenance costs of agricultural tractors in Nigeria. Tropical Agriculture, April Issue, 67(2), pp. 119-122.
Aneke, D.O. (1994), A Survey of farm power problem in Nigeria. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 10(5), pp. 623-626.
Babatunde, O.O. (1996), An appraisal of the problem of wheeled tractors used in Nigerian Agriculture. Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America, 27(3), pp. 2326.
Singh, G. and Siswasumarto, H. (1988), Farm mechanization in West Java, Indonesia. Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America, 19(1), pp. 9-13.
Khan, M.M. (1996), A manual of food crops production in ISDP locations, Trans Intra Asia Co. in Association with Mott Mac Donald Limited, Indonesia.