Poverty Approach and How to Reduce it with an Agropolitan Program in Gorontalo Province, Indonesia
AJSTD 36(2) cover
pdf

Keywords

Agropolitan
Klassen typology
Location quotient
Poverty
Shift share

Abstract

This study aimed to explain the conditions of poverty in Gorontalo Province, Sulawesi, Indonesia, to identify the causes of poverty in the province, and then to propose efforts to reduce this poverty. Data related to human and economic resources were used in the analysis. The condition of poverty was seen through the DPSIR approach, which consists of the driver (D), pressure (P), state (S), impact (I), and response (R). Poverty in Gorontalo Province could be reduced by utilizing the occupation that dominates the population, which is in agriculture sector. Therefore, developing an agropolitan system is a solution. In the first stage, the location quotient (LQ), shift share (SS), and Klassen typology methods were used to determine regencies or cities that have the potential to develop an agropolitan system. The results of the analysis showed that there were two districts that have the potential to develop agropolitan systems, namely Pohuwato Regency and Gorontalo Regency. Efforts to reduce poverty in Gorontalo Province with an agropolitan system can be continued with a second stage consisting of the preparation of products and forms of management organizations, and a third stage in the form of strengthening human resources.

https://doi.org/10.29037/ajstd.578
pdf

References

Aneta A. 2010. Implementasi kebijakan Program Penanggulangan Kemiskinan Perkotaan (P2KP) di Kota Gorontalo [Implementation of the Urban Poverty Reduction Program (P2KP) policy in Gorontalo City]. Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi Publik. 1(1):54–65. doi:10.26858/jiap.v1i1.132.

Davies A, Quinlivan G. 2006. A panel data analysis of the impact of trade on human development. J Soc Econ. 35(5):868–876. doi:10.1016/j.socec.2005.11.048.

Department of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia. 2002. Pedoman umum pengembangan kawasan agropolitan dan pedoman program rintisan pengembangan kawasan agropolitan [Common development guidelines for the agropolitan region and guidelines for human resources development programme]. Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Manusia Departemen Pertanian.

Dwiputra DS, Rahmanu YA, Tofani AS, Naufal M, Arsy An Nisa KS, Bariq JM, Putri RF. 2019. Nett present value (NPV) analysis for projection of feasibility of coastal sand dune tourism in Parangtritis Village. E3S Web Conf. 76:05002. doi:10.1051/e3sconf/20197605002.

Fatkhiati S, Tjiptoherijanto P, Rustiadi E, Thayib MH. 2015. Sustainable agropolitan management model in the highland of tropical rainforest ecosystem: the case of Selupu Rejang agropolitan area, Indonesia. Procedia Environ Sci. 28:613–622. doi:10.1016/j.proenv.2015.07.072.

Helmi, Azhari R, Henmaidi, Silfia, Riyadhie I. 2019. Identifying key factors affecting integrated and sustainable development of red onion horticulture cluster area. Int J Adv Sci Eng Inf Technol. 9(2):448. doi:10.18517/ijaseit.9.2.6875.

Hendayana R. 2003. Aplikasi metode Location Quotient (LQ) dalam penentuan komoditas unggulan nasional [The Location Quotient Method application for defining a top national commodity]. Jurnal Informatika Pertanian. 12:1–21.

Hudaya D. 2009. Faktor faktor yang mempengaruhi tingkat kemiskinan di Indonesia [Factors that affect the poverty level in Indonesia]. Undergraduate thesis. [Bogor]: Institut Perrtanian Bogor.

Muta’ali L. 2015. Teknik analisis regional untuk perencanaan wilayah tata ruang dan lingkungan [Regional analysis techniques for planning area and enviroment]. Yogyakarta: Badan Penerbit Fakultas Geografi Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Nugroho RA. 2012. Analisis pertumbuhan ekonomi dan pengembangan sektor potensial di Kabupaten Jepara (pendekatan model basis ekonomi) [Economic growth analysis and potential sector development in Jepara District (economic based model approach)]. Undergaduate thesis. [Surakarta]: Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Perloff HS, Lampard E, Keith R. 1960. Regions, resources, and economic growth. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press.

Putri RF, Wibirama S, Giyarsih SR, Pradana A, Kusmiati Y. 2019. Landuse change monitoring and population density analysis of Penjaringan, Cengkareng, and Cakung urban area in Jakarta Province. E3S Web Conf. 76:03004. doi:10.1051/e3sconf/20197603004.

Putri RF, Wibirama S, Sukamdi, Giyarsih SR. 2018. Population condition analysis of Jakarta land deformation area. IOP Conf Ser: Earth Environ Sci. doi:10.1088/1755-1315/148/1/012007.

Robinson T. 2005. Ekonomi regional teori dan aplikasi [Economic regional theory and aplplication]. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Statistics Indonesia. 2019. Provinsi Gorontalo dalam angka 2018 [Gorontalo Province in figures 2018]. Gorontalo: Statistics Indonesia.

Suroyo TB, Handayani W. 2014. Pengembangan kawasan agropolitan di Kabupaten Kulonprogo, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta [Agropolitan area development in Kulon Progo District, Spesial Region of Yogyakarta]. Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota. 25(3):243–261. doi:10.5614/jpwk.2015.25.3.5.

Sutikno, Maryunani. 2007. Analisis potensi dan daya saing kecamatan sebagai pusat pertumbuhan satuan wilayah pengembangan (SWP) Kabupaten Malang [Analysis of subdistricts’ potential and competitiveness as growth centers in Malang District]. J Indones Appl Econ. 1(1):1–17.

Tazkiya. 2015. Faktor-faktor penyebab kemiskinan [Poverty causing factors]. Jurnal Keislaman, Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan. 16(1):1–30.

Yulianto A, Kusumaningrum PB, Daniati A, Nurvitasari S, Putri RF. 2019. Temporal-spatial analysis in accordance with gender development index on the improvement of the quality of women in central kalimantan province. E3S Web Conf. 76:05003. doi:10.1051/e3sconf/20197605003.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.