ASEAN Journal on Science and Technology for Development 2020-04-30T00:00:00+07:00 Widodo Open Journal Systems <h2>About the <em>ASEAN Journal on Science &amp; Technology for Development</em></h2> <p style="font-weight: 300; font-size: 1.01rem;">Jointly published by the ASEAN Committee on Science and Technology and the Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia, the <em>ASEAN Journal on Science &amp; Technology for Development</em> (print ISSN 0217-5460; online ISSN 2224-9028) is a peer-reviewed open access journal focusing on the publication of articles that make positive, tangible contributions to science and technology in the ASEAN region. Its main aim is to promote and Google Scholar, ID Scopus, ResearchGate, Orcid), accelerate the discovery and ultimate ASEAN-wide application of scientific and technological innovations, the consequence of which should be greater prosperity for the people of Southeast Asia.</p> <p style="font-weight: 300; font-size: 1.01rem;">AJSTD covers a wide range of technology-related subjects in the context of ASEAN, including biotechnology, non-conventional energy research, materials science and technology, marine sciences, meteorology and geophysics, food science and technology, microelectronics and information technology, space applications, science and technology policy, and infrastructure and resources development.</p> <h2>About The ASEAN Committee on Science and Technology</h2> <p style="font-weight: 300; font-size: 1.01rem;">The ASEAN Committee on Science and Technology was established to strengthen and enhance the capability of ASEAN in science and technology so that it can promote economic development and help achieve a high quality of life for its people. Its terms and reference are:</p> <ul class="asean-terms" style="font-weight: 300; font-size: 1.01rem;"> <li class="show">To generate and promote development of scientific and technological expertise and manpower in the ASEAN region;</li> <li class="show">To facilite and accelerate the transfer of scientific and technological development among ASEAN countries and from more advanced regions of the world to the ASEAN region;</li> <li class="show">To provide support and assistance in the development and application of research discoveries and technological practices of endogenous origin for the common good, and in the more effective use of natural resources available in the ASEAN region and in general; and</li> <li class="show">To provide scientific and technological support towards the implementation of existing and future ASEAN projects.</li> </ul> <p style="font-weight: 300; font-size: 1.01rem;">Further information about the activities of ASEAN COST can be <a class="border-hover" href=";view=categories&amp;id=8&amp;Itemid=130" target="_blank" rel="noopener">found on its website</a>.</p> The Indonesian Throughflow and its Impact on Biogeochemistry in the Indonesian Seas 2020-03-21T10:45:33+07:00 Edwards Taufiqurrahman A’an J. Wahyudi Yukio Masumoto <p>It has been widely known that the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) is an important inter-ocean connection with unique and complex oceanographic and geographic conditions, as well as a strong relation to both regional and global ocean currents and climate systems. Many studies on characteristics, mechanisms, and impacts of the ITF have been conducted, mainly focusing on the ITF pathways, transport, water mass mixing processes, and their variability in connection with monsoons and climate systems. In this paper, we summarize some of the critical aspects related to ocean conditions within the Indonesian Seas and the Indonesian Throughflow, with the main focus on studies of marine biogeochemistry in a region affected by the ITF. Although the biogeochemical cycle is one of the key research topics that are needed to advance our ocean understanding, studies on marine biogeochemistry within the Indonesian Seas are quite limited due to less observed data compared to the physical parameters. Further studies on biogeochemistry and efforts to conduct in situ and remotely sensed observations in this region are strongly required. Here, we propose several biogeochemical observations correlated to the ITF.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 The Author(s) Understanding Forest Fire Management in Indonesia from a Global Perspective 2020-02-25T10:54:42+07:00 Indra Agus Riyanto Ahmad Cahyadi Faricha Kurniadhini Hafidz Bachtiar Dwiki Apriyana Brian Kannardi Aji Caraka <p>Forest fires are one of the global issues that attract worldwide attention. Russia, Brazil, Canada, the United States, and Indonesia are among the countries with the largest forest cover and long records of massive forest fires. Forest fire management is, therefore, critical to decreasing the severity level of these fires. Current conditions indicate that, compared with the four other countries, Indonesia has significantly reduced forest fires within the past five years. Consequently, adopting a global perspective to study the characteristics of forest fire disaster management has become necessary. For each management parameter, this research employed a literature review and descriptive analysis. The results showed that Indonesia had an advantage in the field of legal regulation. Indonesia tends to change its regulations within a short span of time, resulting in the number of forest fire incidents decreasing significantly compared with Russia, Brazil, Canada, and the United States. However, the country still has several weaknesses, namely in emergency responses, forest fire monitoring technology, and inter-institutional integration in forest fire disaster management.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 The Author(s) Anthropogenic Signatures in the Context of Landscape Evolution: Evidence from Citanduy Watershed, Java, Indonesia 2020-03-23T23:58:36+07:00 Mukhamad Ngainul Malawani Djati Mardiatno Eko Haryono <p>The impact of humans on landscapes may differ across regions because anthropogenic intervention on the respective landscapes occurs in different human-induced contexts. This study was designed to assess the human-induced landscape evolution of the Citanduy Watershed, Java, Indonesia, and determine its anthropogenic signatures. Several approaches were used, namely anthropogenic landscape identification, anthropogenic soil development, sediment analysis, and monitoring of changes to Segara Anakan lagoon at the mouth of the Citanduy Rier. Five types of anthropogenic landscapes were observed in the research area, from a slightly modified landscape to a fully anthropogenic landscape. The anthropogenic signature was also found in the sediment of the lagoon. Present and recent environmental evolution of the lagoon was reconstructed based on series changes in the lagoon area. This reconstruction was then linked to the governmental program and anthropogenic intervention to reveal the complexity of the human-induced landscape evolution. Anthropogenic phenomena were found to strongly influence the evolution of Segara Anakan lagoon, as recorded approximately through three phases of its evolution: 1) natural processes occurring continuously until 1960, 2) human-induced landscape evolution, the boundary of which occurred in 1960–1980, and 3) the recent anthropogenic evolution that has existed since 1980.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 The Author(s) Comparison of 3D Coral Photogrammetry and Coral Video Transect for Coral Lifeform Analysis Using Low-cost Underwater Action Camera 2020-03-13T11:42:08+07:00 Zuhairi Bin Ahmad Muhammad Idzham Helmi Bin Mohd Jinah Shahbudin Bin Saad <p>This research analysed the use of 3D Coral Photogrammetry (CP) and Coral Video Transect (CVT) images collected from SCUBA divers using a low-cost underwater action camera to examine the coral lifeform. A comparison was made between data sets obtained using both methods on nine transects with different coral lifeform compositions and percentage cover within an area of 4 × 7 m. The comparison of the statistical analysis for CPCe revealed that there were no significant differences (<em>p</em> &lt; 0.05) between CP and CVT photos where dead corals (<em>p</em> = 0.006), sand (<em>p</em> = 0.011), and unknown (<em>p</em> = 0.002) are present. Additionally, the coral value (<em>p</em> = 0.131) between CP and CVT was not significant. CP was capable of producing prominent branching, massive, and plate coral morphology results. This suggests that survey methods using low-cost action cameras for 3D Coral Photogrammetry would yield appropriate results in terms of coral lifeform detection. Hypothetically, by improving camera quality, it will yield a higher accuracy of 3D coral images that are suitable for use in scientific research and management. Other benefits of using CP include the possibilities for future studies with 3D coral surveys using remotely operated vehicles, less field time, and 3D coral seabed information.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 The Author(s) Problem Solving of Isopropyl Alcohol – Water Azeotropic Characteristics Using Packed (Natural Zeolite) Bed Adsorber 2020-04-28T11:24:58+07:00 Laras Prasakti Muhammad Hartono Pandu Prabowo Jati Muhammad Fajar Setiaji Sang Kompiang Wirawan Hanifrahmawan Sudibyo <p>The adsorption kinetics of water from an azeotropic mixture of isopropyl alcohol and water using chemically activated natural zeolites with and without a binder (starch) was investigated. In addition, an investigation of the compressive strength of zeolite pellets was conducted to ascertain the performance of the adsorbent for long-term operation. Three parameters were applied in the zeolite-making process: the particle size of zeolite (20, 30, 50, and 80 mesh), the sintering temperature (550, 750, and 1,000°C), the compaction pressure (2, 4, and 6 tonnes), and the starch-to-zeolite weight ratio (0, 1:3, 1:5, and 1:7). Initial screenings indicated that the strongest zeolite pellet was 80-mesh zeolite powder (without starch addition) that was compacted using 6 tonnes pressure and was sintered at 750°C. The adsorption tests using the strongest zeolite were conducted in a packed-bed column for three cycles, followed by compressive strength tests on the zeolite pellets after each cycle. According to the experimental data, zeolite pellets made without the addition of starch could adsorb up to 98.4% of the initial water in the mixture. From the four models proposed to describe the kinetics of adsorption of water from the mixture, the Freundlich model turned out to be the best model.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 The Author(s)