Utilization of Waste from Natural Rubber Glove Manufacturing Line


Malaysia is the largest producer and exporter of examination and surgical gloves in the world and currently faced with mitigating large amounts of waste generated during the glove production process. This waste is mainly generated from glove dipping tanks and is referred as dipping tank coagulum (DTC). It is considered as scheduled waste which requires mandatory disposal by incineration, in compliance to the Scheduled Waste Regulations set by the Department of Environment. Work described in this study showed, DTC samples with a polymer content of >40%, both ash and calcium carbonate content of <10% and curatives <2% (Sulphur, antioxidants, accelerators and ZnO) when blended with virgin rubbers (SMR 10 and SMR 20) were found to be suitable for manufacturing value-added rubber products. DTC samples with polymer contents of <40% and lower in curatives
could still be considered for recycling, by adding higher portions of virgin rubber for manufacturing products like shoe soles, carpet underlay and thermoplastic elastomer products. Glove manufactures should ideally set up on-site DTC processing facilities at their factory premises equipped with crepers as well as space to ‘air dry’ the creped DTC samples. Creped samples could be sent to the Malaysian Rubber Board (MRB) for chemical analyses. Factory owners could also present the analytical results from MRB to the recyclers to obtain a good premium for their processed DTC samples to be used as raw materials.


Abraham, E, Cherian, BM, Elb, PA, Pothen,

LA & Thomas, S 2011, ‘Recent advances

in the recycling of rubber waste’, in Recent

developments in polymer recycling, eds A Fainleib

& O Grigoryeva, Transworld Research Network.

Dayang, HAI, Nur, FI, Devaraj, V & Nor, HK

, ‘Effect of dipping tank coagulum (DTC)

on cure characteristics and physical properties

of DTC/natural rubber blends’, in International

Conference on Plastic, Rubber and Composite

(ICPR 2014), Langkawi, Malaysia, June 2014,

pp. 20–21.

De, D, De, D & Singharoy, GM, 2007, Reclaiming

of ground rubber tire by a novel reclaiming

agent. I. Virgin natural rubber/reclaimed GRT

vulcanizates’, Polymer Engineering & Science,

vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 1091–1100.

Department of Environment Malaysia 2005,

Environmental quality (schedule wastes)

regulation 2005, DOE Malaysia.

Devaraj, V 2011, Report on ‘Characterization of

dipping tank coagulum (preliminary study)’ in

th JTC Meeting at RRIM Technology Centre,


Devaraj, V & Zairossani MN 2012, ‘Sludge-derived

fuel from latex products manufacturing industry’,

Academy of Sciences Malaysia Science Journal,

vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 15–21.

Devaraj, V, Nur, F, Fadhilah, I, Dayang, HAI &

Nor, HK, Hidayaty, K 2014, ‘Utilisation of latex

coagulum from NR glove manufacturing line’,

Malaysian Rubber Technology Developments,

vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 27–33.

Edirisinghe, DG, De Silva, MIA & Premachandra,

JK, 2011, ‘A novel reclaiming agent for ground

rubber tyre (GRT), part II: property evaluation

of virgin natural rubber (NR)/novel reclaimed

GRT revulcanisates’, Progress in Rubber, Plastics

and Recycling Technology, vol. 27, no. 3, pp.


George, RS & Joseph, R 1994, ‘The utilisation

of latex reclaim rubber in natural rubber’, Die Angewante Makromolekulare Chemie, vol. 215,

no. 3711, pp. 25–33.

Malaysian Rubber Board 1212, ‘Malaysia’s customs

tariff 2012 for rubber and rubber products’,

Economics and Rubber Market Division, MRB.

Mathew, G, Singh, RP, Nair, NR & Thomas, S,

, ‘Recycling of natural rubber latex waste

and its interaction in epoxidised natural rubber’,

Polymer, vol. 42, pp. 2137–2165.

Kamarulzaman, NH, Idris, NF, Veerasamy, D 2013,

‘Characterisation of dipping tank coagulum

waste from natural rubber glove factories’, in

Proceedings of International Conference on Waste

Management and Environment (ICWME), August

, Kuala Lumpur, pp. 26–27.

R a j a n , V V, D i e r k e s , W K , J o s e p h , R &

Noordermeer, JWM 2006, ‘Recycling of NRbased

cured latex material reclaimed with

,20-dibenzamidodiphenyldisulphide in a truck

tire tread compound’, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., vol.

, pp. 4194–4206.

Rimez, B, Knappe, S, Pattyn, D & Munck, JD

, ‘Rubber analysis by advanced thermogravimetric’,

in Proceeding of British Plastic and

Rubber Institute Conference, BPRI, 22 October.

Saiwari, S 2013, ‘Post-consumer tyres back into

new tyres: devulcanization and re-utilization of

passenger car tyres’, PhD thesis, University of

Twente, The Netherlands.


Download data is not yet available.