Dielectric Relaxation Studies of Hydrogen Bonded Complexes of Benzamide and Acetamide with 4-substituted Phenols Using X-band Microwave Frequency


Dielectric parameters
Microwave bench X-band


At 308 K, using a 9.37 GHz dielectric relaxation setup, dielectric studies of hydrogen bonded complexes of benzamide and acetamide with 4-fluorophenol, 4-bromophenol, 4-chlorophenol, and 4-iodophenol in benzene were performed. Various dielectric parameters (such as ??, ??, ?0, and ??) were tested. The steric interactions of the proton donor determined the group rotation relaxation time t(2), whereas the significance of Higasi’s single frequency method for multiple relaxation time t(1) was determined by the hydrogen bonding power of the phenolic hydrogen. The presence of a 1:1 complex system between the prepared samples, as well as a charge transfer between the free hydroxyl group of phenols and the carbonyl group of amides was confirmed by the fact that the relaxation time and molar free energy activation of the 1:1 molar ratio were greater than some other higher molar ratios (i.e. 3:1, 2:1, 1:2, 1:3).

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